SECRIM- Guardia Civil
Guardia Civil was born in 1844, under the command of The Duke of Ahumada during the reign of Elizabeth II. Since then, the Institution has always played a key role in preventing and solving crime throughout our territory. Several significant landmarks in criminal investigation have taken place along the history of Guardia Civil, such as the creation of the Judicial Identification Service in 1914, the Special Academy of Guardia Civil in 1953, which included the so-called Police Technique Laboratory, the Investigation and Criminalistics Technical Command in 1982 and, finally, on 23rd May, 2008, the Criminalistics Service as we know it today.
The Criminalistics Laboratory of Guardia Civil was born in 1983, it became the Criminalistics Service of Guardia Civil (SECRIM) in 2001, and it finished its actual configuration in 2008. SECRIM is a full member of the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI) since 1997, sharing expertise, work practices and techniques with other members of the organization, thereby promoting Police and Judicial cooperation and coordination, which are so vitally important nowadays.
New technologies and scientific breakthroughs experienced over the last few years have finally shaped actual SECRIM. Its Laboratories count on high standing professionals in many areas of science knowledge and the most modern equipment and techniques: from DNA Sequencers, Electronic Microscopes, Chromatographs or last generation 3D Scanners to a portable laboratory for field support at the scene of a disaster.
The SECRIM Core
Forensic Genetics is the main purpose of this Department. This Laboratory analyzes biological samples to obtain genetic profiles, perfect manner to identify people. Many crimes or cases have been resolved thanks to this complex techniques and the remarkable high standard academic training of the components of the Biology Department.
The Department works with a lot of chemical samples and traces located in a crime scene. So, they analyze residues of explosives to determine its nature, locate gunshot residues to determine who trigger a firearm, analyze a powder to confirm if it is a drug and its concentration, compare a fiber located in a victim nail with the fabric of a suspicious, fragments of glass of different origin to establish a common source, paint chips, organic polymers, accelerant of combustion in arson and many other exhibits difficult to classify but with a big capacity of information for the investigations.
It carries out Forensic Environmental test of different samples: water, soil, sediments, air and toxicological analysis. This Department also conducts non-human genetic analysis, including animal species indentification. It provides an essencial support to the investigations of the Nature Proteccion Servicie of Guardia Civil (SEPRONA).
The areas of Acoustics, Electronics, IT and Digital Image Forensics receive and study the digital evidence found at the crime scene. Digital evidence stored in digital devices such as Mobile phones, memory sticks, etc. is most relevant for solving criminal offences. Forensic techniques in the fields of IT, electronics, digital image and voice comparison are applied.
Crime Scene Department
It consists of the Crime Scene Inspection Area and the Photography and Infography Area. A Central Crime Scene Investigation Team (CSIT) travels to national or international crime scenes to provide the support needed on request. The Forensic Infographic Team, also with both national and international capacity, performs crime reconstruction using 3D computer graphics.
The members of this Department draft expert reports for the identification of persons, maily using fingerprints and anthropological, radiological and other methods. It includes the Disaster Identification Team (EIC), with Experts on the identification of people (fingerprints, facial mapping, dental, anthropology, DNA, etc.) and technical means (X-Ray, microcopes, photography-video, dental equipment, mobile laboratory, etc.).
It studies all the weapon and ammunition related elements, such as shooting scene reconstruction, as well as the crime scene where a firearm was used. They also draft expert reports on comparison studies of tools and the marks produced, tyre tracks, shoeprints, vehicles and vehicles spare parts.
This Department analyzes handwritten texts, signatures and other type of documents. Its expertise field also comprises the study of reproduced, printed or manipulated documents. It has full capacity to analyze Chinese and Arabic texts, and it is one of the few European forensic laboratories.
Guardia Civil was officially authorized to use Dactyloscopy back in 1914. Today, our Criminalistics Service has undergone a great evolution, with almost 600 qualified specialists in different Forensic disciplines at a national, regional and provincial level.
The Quality Management System was implemented within SECRIM more than ten years ago (first accreditation in Spain for a Genetic Forensic Laboratory: Human DNA, 2003) and represents a guide in order for upholding the highest professional, qualification and technical standards. A total of 74 tests of the SECRIM regional and provincial Laboratories are certified by the Spanish National Accreditation Entity (ENAC)
The qualified specialists of the Criminalistics Service of Guardia Civil master most fields of Forensic Science and undergo a continuous process of professional development by means of their Annual Training Plan. Also, they collaborate with several Spanish leading Universities.
With an eye on the future: A commitment towards Research and Innovation.
SECRIM -Guardia Civil-